Shrubs and hedges are common in gardens across the USA. Escallonia hedge is grown in many gardens across the country due to its evergreen look and light sweet smell of its flowers. Caring for this hedge is not difficult and in the following sections you will find answers to questions that many gardeners have.
How to Grow and Prune Escallonia Hedge
The plant grows relatively fast compared to other common hedges like Viburnum or Deutzia Nikko. It has attractive leaves and flowers. Blooms are tube shaped and appear on leafy panicles starting the month of June. There are a few different colors available like white, red and pink. Some landscaping artists like to mix this hedge with other colorful varieties and obtain special visual effects.
Escallonia is perfect for coastal areas where some other hedges do not adapt. It is resistant to salt spray, so if you have a beach house you can surely plant Escallonia. It is adaptable and it can live in USDA zones 8 to 10, so please make sure that you avoid frost as it will kill Escallonia.
This hedge appreciates full sun areas and well-drained soil. As advice, please consider planting this hedge in partial shade if you live in hot climates. This will make the watering needs less stringent.
During very hot periods, the hedge requires regular irrigation. A dripping irrigation system is recommended. Install it along the shrub and let it work during mornings and evenings. It will ensure the required humidity for the plant.
It is advisable to protect Escallonia from strong winds. Try placing it near fences or near the house. To obtain a hedge you will need to plant baby Escallonias close together and then trim them regularly to give them the desired shape.
Normally this plant does not require pruning. But if you wish you can prune Escallonia hedges lightly. Do this in the end of summer, after blooming. You can cut up to one third of big shrubs to keep them under control. This will not hurt the plant and it will recover nicely.
Pruning the hedge in spring is not recommended. The plant produces a lot of buds in this period and if they get cut, then the hedge will produce less flowers.
Escallonia Problems and Pests
Although it is a hardy and reliable plant, Escallonia can develop leaf spot. This diseased is caused by a fungal infection and may lead to defoliation and ultimately death.
The infection is caused by Mycosphaerella fungi and purple spots begin to appear on leaves.
The leafs will turn yellow and die. This infection can appear during humid periods in summer, but sometimes it can happen in other seasons as well.
The affected parts can be cut to avoid spreading the disease. If it gets out of control fungicide application may be needed. There are no fungicides for amateur gardeners on the market, but you can ask the local gardening center for advice. Many offer special blends that work well for this disease.
Other than leaf spot, Escallonia is a disease free plant. It will live for many years and make your garden look nice.